active dating for 2016 - Doing dating detective work
If you have trouble determining whether something stands alone (such as for a document on a website), choose not to italicize.For examples and more explanation, see the blog post on capitalization and formatting of reference titles in the reference list.
It is not usually necessary to include a retrieval date for online sources; one should be provided only if the source is likely to change over time, such as with an unarchived wiki page.
Sometimes source information is incomplete but with a little detective work you can find what you need; for example, if you know a publisher name but not its location, you can research the publisher to find the location.
This post will help you adapt the classic APA Style reference template to fit any situation where information might be missing, as well as show you how to create the corresponding in-text citations for those references.
The table below shows how to write an APA Style reference when information is missing. Title Variations As shown in the table, the title of a document is only sometimes italicized, depending on the independence of the source.
The purpose of an APA Style reference is to provide readers with information on how to locate the source that you used, and if you cannot tell them how to do so, you either have to find a substitute or cite the source as personal communication (see §6.20 in the ).